tulakarRBhÁTŻNđGn■rCati


     k˝˙gExkkßda q˝aM1998 RbeTscMnYn160 )ansMerceGaymantulakarRBhÁTŻNđGn■rCati ( ICC ) mYy edIm,I eFVIkarvinicńŻyeTas dl;ral;CnTaMgLayNa EdleFVIkarbMBany:agx°aMgk°abMput EdlCakicęykcit■
Tukdak;rbs;BiPBelak dUcCakarRblŻyBUCsasn_ ]RkidŠkmÁs«g┴am ]RkidŠkmÁ RbqaMgmnusSCati . esck■IRBmeRBogenaH)anerobcMeday GK┴elxaGg┴kar shRbCaCati kUshVIGaNan;enaHKWCa {CMhandżFMmYyeq<aHeTArk karQaneTA kan; siTžimnusSCaskl nigviFankar Únc,ab;} . kżb:uEn■mankar KitviPaKeTA elItulakarRBhÁTŻNđGn■rCati ( ICC ) KWCas▀abŻndżRbesIr nigRbsiTžiPaBmYy ehIyvakżCas▀abŻnGaRkk;mYy nigeRKaHf˝ak;pgEdr EdlvaGacrMelaPb:HBal;

eTAdl;GFibetyŘÚnRbCaCatimYy. kMrgGt▀bTxageRkamenH vanwgbBaóak;R)ab; nUvsMnYrsamBaě nigkar yl;RcLMmYycMnYn .

╔k]t■mÚp sIupan elxaFikarKN│kmÁkarTI5

      etIehtudUcem■c)anCaRbeTsmYycMnYnsMercfa nwgerobcMeGaymantulakarRBhÁTŻNđ Gn■rCati (ICC) nabcę˙b,n˝kalenH ?

       sn˝i)atGg┴karshRbCaCati )anTTYls┴al;CadMbUgÚnesck■IRtUvkar dUcCatulakarmYy EdlekIt manenAk˝˙gq˝aM1948 bnŮab;mkeTotenA Nuremberg nig Tokyo EdleKeFVIkar vinicńŻyeTas bnŮab; BIs«g┴am elakelIkTI II ehIy)anRtUveKykmkBicarNaBiPakSaenAk˝˙gGg┴kar shRbCaCatitaMgBIeBl enaHmk kżb:uEn■enAeBlfÁI▓enH RBwt■ikarN_dżKYreGayPŻyx°acmYy EdlekIt manenAk˝˙gGtItrdŠ Yugoslavia nig Rwanda ehIyEdleK)anbegßItnUvRkumkargarvinicńŻyeTas tamry│RkumRbwkSa sn■isuxÚnGg┴karshRbCa Cati Edl)anTak;TajnUvkarykcit■Tukdak;BImC─daŠn Gn■rCati k˝˙gesck■I RtUvkar eGaymanyn■kar GciÚ«n■y_mYy edIm,InwgecaTRbkan;cMeBaH]RkidŠCn sMlab; rg┴al nig]RkidŠ Cns«g┴am . tulakarGciÚ«n■y_ GacmanlTžPaB eFVIkargar)anrhŻsCagRkum kargar nigGacp■l;esva CaG˝k Tb;Tl;dżx°aMgk°amYy . karecaTRbkan;eTAelIRbFanaFibtI Milosevic ÚnRbeTs Yugoslavia tamry│RkumkargarvinicńŻyeTas Edl begßIteLIgenAExmifuna q˝aM1998 eFVIkarecaTRbkan;BIbT]RkidŠkmÁ RbqaMgmnusSCatienA Kosovo . kar ecaTRbkan;enH )aneFVIeGaymankarykcit■Tukdak;sarCafÁI nUvmuxgarCaKn°wH ÚntulakarGciÚ«n■y_mYy Edl GacbMeBjkargarenH)an .

        etIenAeBlNa nigkEn°gNa EdlGacbegßIttulakarenH)an ?

    lkšN│vinicńŻyrbs;tulakarEdleK)anGnumŻtyl;RBm edaykare)aHeq˝atminkt;Rta Edl man120 sMelgKaMRT nig7sMelgRbqaMg CamYynwg21sMelgGnub,vaT vanwgcUlCaFrmanenAeBl bnŮab;BI 60 RbeTs)aneFVIkarp■l;scęabŻn . KWenABak;kN■alEx]sPa q˝aM1999 manRbeTs3 )anp■l;scęabŻnrYcehIy nig82 RbeTs)ancuHht▀elxa KWCakarbg­ajnUvbMNgrbs;eKedIm,I EsVgrkkarp■l;scęabŻn. CaFmÁtaKW eKtMrUveGaymankarKaMRTBIsPaCatirbs;eKenAk˙˝geKalkarN_ enH . tulakarKWs▀itenAk˝˙gTIRkugLaeG ÚnRbeTs Netherlands kżb:uEn■eKGacGnuBaěateGayman karvinicńŻyeTasenAkEn°gepSgeTot)anEdlCa kEn°gsmKYr . CaFmÁtaÚnkarerobcM k˝˙gkicędMeNIr karÚntulakarenH dUcCanItiviFI nigPs■˙tag RtUvEtman karedaHRsay nigsMrbsMrYlmYytamry│ KN│kmÁkarerobcM )anEcgenAExmifuna q˝aM2000 .

       etI]RkidŠkmÁNax°H EdltulakarnwgeFVIkarvinicńŻyeTas ?

      ]RkidŠkmÁEdls▀itenAk˝˙gyuTžnakarrbs;tulakar KWkarsMlab;rg┴al ]RkidŠkmÁs«g┴am dUcCa kareFVI eGayb:HBal;BaseBj bĄ tamry│RbBŻnžEdleFVIeGay)at;bg;GayuCIvitRbCaCnsuIvil/ TaskmÁ^/ TaruNkmÁ/ rMelaP/ esBsnžv│/ rMelaP«s■ImanÚpŮeBaH/ sMlab;k˝˙gnŻyneya)ay/ BUCsasn_/ CnCati/ bĄkżmUlbTsasna nigkaCMritBRgat; . bBaóIÚnlkšN│vinicńŻyrbs;tulakar nigkareGay niymnŻyÚn ]RkidŠkmÁTaMgGs;enaHKW ecosvagmineGaymankarsgSŻybĄPŻn■RcLM.

     etI]RkidŠkmÁÚnkarQ°anBan/ ePrvkmÁ nigkarCYjdUreRKOgejˇny:agdUcem■cEdr ?

      KWmankarKaMRTy:agTUlMTUlayenATIRkug Rome k˝˙gkarrab;cUlGMeBIQ°anBan kżCa]RkidŠkmÁ mYy Edr kżb:uEn■eBlevlaBuM)anRKb;RKan; k˝˙gkarsMerc eTAelIniymnŻyEdlmanPaBc,as;las; enAk˝˙gkrNI enH. kżb:uEn■enAk˝˙glTžpllkšN│vinicńŻybg­ajeGaydwgfa ]RkidŠkmÁÚnGMeBIQ°anBan Gac nigvinicńŻyeTas edaytulakar KWenAeBlNa EdlrdŠCaPaKI)anTTYlyl;RBmk˝˙gkarCYb BiPakSaCafÁIm■geTot enAelIkar eGayniymnŻyÚnFatu nigs▀anPaB Edls▀itenAeRkamtulakar k˝˙gkareRbIR)as; yut■aFikarcMeBaH]RkidŠkmÁ enH . KWbnŮab;BIlkšN│vinicńŻy Edl)anbBaóak;fa GVIEdlCaesck■IRBmeRBog KWRtUvEt eq°IytbnwgeKal- karNżÚnc,ab; rbs;Gg┴karshRbCaCati EdlGactMrUveGaymanCamunnUvkarsMerc rbs;RkumRbwkSasn■isux s■IGMBIGMeBIÚnkicęQ°anBanenH fVIebImankarykcit■Tukdak;dżx<g;x<s;ya:gNakżedayEdlrab;bBaę┌lpgEdr nUvePrvkmÁ nigkarCYjdUr eRKOgejˇn EdlCa]RkidŠkmÁEcgk˝˙gc,ab;rbs;tulakar ral;RbeTsmYycMnYn Gacnwgminyl;Rsb CamYynwgesck■IRBmeRBogrYmenH elIkareGayniymnŻyÚnePrvkmÁ nigRbeTsmYy cMnYneTotman GarmÁNżKitfa karesuIbGegßtk˝˙gkrNIeRKOgejˇnvaGacCalkšN│rMelaP EdlGachYsBIGVI EdlCaRbPBÚnEdntulakar . RbeTsTaMgenaH)anGnumŻtCa╔kcńŻnŮ Únesck■IsMerccit■ EdlCasMNUmBrdl; RbeTsEdlCaPaKIyl;Rsb KWelIkmkrab;bBaę┌l nUv]RkidŠkmÁenHmkeFVIkar BicarNaenAeBlCYbRbCuMk˝˙g GnaKt edIm,IBinitŘsarCafÁIm■geTot .

     etItulakar nwgvinicńŻyeTas GMBI]RkidŠkmÁ ÚnkarrYmePTedayhwgSay:agNa ?

      CakarBitNas;lkšN│vinicńŻyÚnc,ab;enH KWrab;bBaę┌lnUv]RkidŠkmÁ ÚnkarrYmePTedayhwgSa dUcCa karcab;rMelaP/ TaskmÁp°┌vePT nigkarrMelaPelI«s■ImanÚpŮeBaH kżKitCa]RkidŠkmÁRbqaMg mnusSCatiEdr enAeBlEdleK)anRbRBwt■CacMENkmYy ÚnPaBraldal bĄkżCaRbBŻnžEdlrMelaPpŮal; CamYynigRbCaCn sIuvilNamYy . eKkżKitCa]RkidŠkmÁs«g┴ampgEdrenAeBlEdleK)anRbRBwt■ k˝˙gÚpŮGn■rCati bĄkżs▀itenA ÚpŮk˝˙gEdlmanCMelaHsBaVvuFpgEdr .

         etIeyIgRtUvkartulakarGn■rCati enAk˝˙g]RkidŠkmÁTaMgLayenHEdrbĄeT ? etItulakarx˝at Gn■rCati GacvinicńŻy]RkidŠkmÁTaMgenaHEdrbĄeT ? etItulakaryut■iFm’Gn■rCatimanmuxnaTI ya:gdUcem■:cEdr ?

        tularx˝atCatiEtgEtmanyut▀aFikar k˝˙gkarvinicńŻykicękarTaMgenH . enAeRkameKalkarNż Únkar {CYy]bt▀mÍ} tularRBhÁTŻNđGn■rCati nigdMeNIrkareenAeBlEdltulakarGn■rCati BuMmanlTžPaB bĄKÁan qnŮ│k˝˙gkrNIvinicńŻy . CaGkuslRbeTsmYycMnYn k˝˙geBlEdlmanvivaT bĄ sg┴m nigneya)aydYlrlM bĄ mYyminmantulakar Edlmansmt▀PaB k˝˙gkarvinicńŻyeGay)an RtwmRtUv k˝˙gkrNI Únral;krNI]RkidŠkmÁ xagelI . vakżGacmanpgEdrnUvrdŠaPi)al EdlRKb;RKg GMNac EdlKÁan qnŮ│k˝˙gkarecaTRbkan; elI RbCaBlrdŠx°▄n╔g CaBiessebIsinCaCnenaH manzann■rsk■ix<s; . cab;taMgBIeBlEdlCnTaMgLayNa )anRbRBwt■]RkidŠkmÁ enAeRkamlkšN│ vinicńŻyenH EdlCa]RkidŠkrq°gEdn KWvamansar│RbeyaCnżNas; cMeBaHrdŠTaMgLayNa EdlGaceFVIshRbtibt■ikarXat;XaMg Čcab;Ž nigdak;TŻNđkmÁdl;CnTaMgLayenaH . tulakar RBhÁTŻNđGn■rCati nigp■l;nUvGVI▓ EdlCaesck■IRtUvkar enAk˝˙gkrNITaMgLayenH . tulakar yut■iFm’Gn■rCati eFVIkicękarNaEdlTak;TinnigkarvivaTrvagrdŠ nigrdŠEtb:ueNaĐH KWvamimTak;Tinkargar k˝˙gkrNI]RkidŠkmÁ Edlbgßedayral;buK┴lTaMgenaH.

       etIG˝kNanwgsMerc eRCIserIsykkrNITaMgLayenaH eTAkan;tulakar ?

       ral;krNIGacbBaó┌neTAtulartamry│rdŠnImYy▓RBHraCaGaCJaÚntulakar Gacp■▄cep■Impg EdrnUvkar esuIbGegßtrbs;krNI]RkidŠkmÁ EdlKat;)anTTYlBakŘbN■wg . k˝˙gkrNIx°HeTottulakar RKan;Et dMeNIr karyut■aFikarEtb:ueNaĐH enaHebIsinCardŠenaH EdlenAk˝˙gÚpŮdIrbs;eK man]RkidŠkr CaG˝kRbRBwt■ bĄmYy enAk˝˙grdŠ EdlenAk˝˙gÚpŮdIrbs;eK man]RkidŠkmÁ)anekIteLIg bĄmYyenAk˝˙grdŠ EdlCasBaóati ÚnG˝kEdl eK)anecaTRbkan; KWCaPaKI enAk˝˙gkicęRBmeRBogenH . krNIx°HGacdak; ecaTRbkan;eTAtulakar eday RkumRbwkSasn■isux Gg┴karshRbCaCatipgEdr EdleKGnuvt■nżenA eRkamc,ab;Gg┴karshRbCaCati CMBUk TI7 . EtkargarenAk˝˙gkrNIx°H edaysar kargarrbs;Rkum RbwkSasn■isux ÚnGg┴karshRbCaCati EdlBuM manlkšN│ suBlPaBRsbnwgc,ab; enAk˝˙gCMBUkTI7 rbs;Gg┴karshRbCaCati tularkarGacGnuvt■nż yut■aFikar sUm,IenAeBlenHminfa eLIyCn enaHmansBaóati bĄminmansBaóatirbs;rdŠ Edlx°▄n)anRbRBwt■ GMeBI]RkidŠkmÁ KWCnenaH CaPaKI ÚnkarecaTRbkan;rbs;tulakarenH .

       etIehtuplneya)ayGIVx°HEdlbBa─b;tulakarBIkarvinicńŻyeTasbT]RkidŠ?

      mankarBinitŘ nigkarf°wgEf°gTaMgLayRtUv)andak;bBaę┌lk˝˙gerOgenH . RBHraCGaCJaminGac cab; epI■mkicęesIubGegßt edayBMumankarGnuBaěatiBIkariyalŻyecARkm cMnYnbInak;eFVIkarvinicńŻy Camun)aneLIy . CnsgSŻy nigrdŠEdlTak;TgTaMgLay kżmansiTžieFVIkaresIubGegßttam ry│RBHraCGaCJaEdr . CagenH eTotrdŠ nigCnCab;ecaTGacCMTas;yut■aFikar rbs;tulakar bĄkarsMercerOgk■IenAeBl vinicńŻyeTas. RBHraCGaCJaRtUvbMeBjkatBVkicęsMrbtamqnŮ│ nigkarTTYl yk)anrbs;rdŠTaMgLay edIm,Ibn■esIubGegßt pŮal;rbs;eK . y:agNakżeday RkumRbwkSasn■isux Gg┴karshRbCaCati Gaces˝IsMueGaytulakarBnŘakar esIubGegßt bĄvinicńŻyeTasry│eBlmYyq˝aM k˝˙gkrNIEdlmankaresIerIbN■wgeLIgvij . viFankarN_TaMgenH nwgFana)anfa bN■wgTaMgLay mankaresIubGegßtRKb;RKan; nigTTYlyk)an ehIyGacykmkCMrHesck■I edaytulakar)an .

      etIkarvinicńŻyeTasGVIx°HEdlFanafa tulakarmanyut■iFm’ bĄecARkmmanKuNsm,t■i RKb;RKan; ?

      lkšn■ik│rbs;tulakarbegßIteGaymanbnŮat;dŠan nigkarFanaCaGn■rCatix<s;bMputdl;nitiviFI smrmŘ nigkarvinicńŻyRtwmRtUv nigyut■iFm’ . ecARkmRtUveq°IytbeTAnwglkšN│vinicńŻymYycMnYn Únsmt▀kicę xag viCóaCIv│dżcMNan kżdUcCaG˝ktMNageGayxagPUmisa«s■ nigePTEdr . BYkeKRtUv)aneRCIserIs edayPaKI ÚnrdŠTaMgLay EdlPaób;x°▄nnwglkšn■ik│rbs;tulakar tamry│sMelgPaKeRcInBIrPaKbI .

     etIGVIx°HnwgekIteLIgRbsinebI]RkidŠkmÁmYyeKcputBIkarXat;x°▄n ? etIkarKÁanbtŘabŻn vaCabBa­a Edr bĄeT ?

      edayEp+ąkelIPs■˙tagEdlbg­ajedayRBHraCGaCJa kariyalŻyburivinicńŻy GacecjsaldI kacab;x°▄n edayral;PaKIÚnrdŠTaMgGs;RtUvEtbMeBjtamlkšn■ik│rbs;tulakar k˝˙gkarcab; bĄXat;x°▄n buK┴lenaH . k˝˙gkrNIEdlbN■wgTaMgLayRtUv)anbBaó┌neTAtulakar edayRkumRbwkSasn■isux Edl)anEcgenAk˝˙gCMBUk TI7 ÚnrdŠFmÁnuBaěGg┴karshRbCaCati KWp■l;GMNacdl;RkumRbwkSaedIm,IbgšM RbeTsTaMgGs;k˝˙gkarGnuvt■ c,ab;. tulakar tMrUv[es˝Idl;RkumRbwkSasn■isux edIm,IeRbIR)as;GMNac TaMgenaH k˝˙gkarbgšitbgšMeGayman kicęshRbtibt■ikar .

      RbeTsx°HRtUv)ankarBaredayc,ab;rbs;x°▄n eGayrYcputBIkareFVIbtŘabŻnk˝˙gEp˝k]RkidŠkmÁ s«g┴am edayminRtUvbBaó┌nx°▄n]RkidŠCns«g┴amenaHeTARbeTsepSgeTot edIm,IeFVIkarvinicńŻyeTas eLIy. ya:gNa kżeday k˝˙gGML˙geBlÚnkicęcrcars■IBItulakarenH RbeTsCaeRcIn)anKUsbBaóak; fa c,ab;btŘabŻnrbs;x°┌n nigminbeBaóˇseGayrYcputBIkarbBaó┌n CnCab;ecaTenaHeTAeGaytulakar Gn■rCati)aneLIy . RbeTsdÚT eTot)anKUsbBaóak;fa BYkeKnwgsmrbsMrYlp°as;b■┌rc,ab; rbs;x°▄neK .

      etIlkšn■ik│rbs;tulakar GacfabMBanelIc,ab;Gn■rCati edaykarp■l;yut■aFikartulakarelI kgkMlaMg Rbdab;GavuFCati bĄsmaCikÚnebskCnEfrkSasn■iPaBEdrbĄeT ?

      Gt;eT enAeRkamc,ab;Gn■rCatiEdlmanRsab; rdŠEdlmanekIteLIgk˝˙gTwkdIrbs;x°▄ndUcCa GMeBIRblŻy BUCsasn_ ]RkidŠkmÁs«g┴am ]RkidŠkmÁRbqaMgmnusSCati bĄrdŠEdlRbCaCnrbs;x°▄nCa CnrgeRKaHÚn ]RkidŠkmÁdUcxagelI KWRtUvbMeBjkatBVkicętamp°┌vc,ab;k˝˙gkaresIubGegßt nigvinicńŻy eTasbuK┴lTaMgLay EdlCab;ecaTBIbTRbRBwt■]RkidŠkmÁTaMgenaH . karvinicńŻyeTasedaytulakar nig ČesŮIrEtRKb;krNI dUc xagelIŽ eFVIeTAtambnŮat;dŠanf˝ak;x<s;KW tamnItiviFIsmKYrsMrab;Bl TahanTaMgLay EdlCab;ecaTBIbT RbRBwt■]RkidŠkmÁs«g┴am . lkšn■ik│rbs;tulakar minbMBan; elIeKalkarN_ÚnsnžisBaěaEdlmanRsab; Na mYyeT nigTaMgminbegßIteGaymankareGayGMNac NamYy bĄkatBVkicę p°┌vc,ab;NamYy EdlminmanenAk˝˙g c,ab;Gn■rCatiBImunmkenaH.

       lkšn■ik│rbs;tulakarKWbMerI edIm,IKaMBarG˝kEfrkSasn■iPaBBIkarvayRbharedayxusc,ab; RbqaMgnwg Tahan bĄbuK┴likGg┴karshRbCaCati EdlbMerIkarenAk˝˙g CMnYymnusSFm’ bĄkarEfrkSa sn■iPaB. vakż minman\TžiBlb:HBal;eTAelIkarerobcMTaMgLay EdlmanRsab;cMeBaHebskkmÁEf rkSasn■iPaBÚnGg┴kar shRbCaCatiKW cab;taMgBIkarcUlrYmviPaKTanEp˝keyaFa ÚnRbeTsTaMgLay EdlcUlrYmk˝˙gkicękarbn■ rkSaTuk yut■aFikar]RkidŠkmÁelIBlTahanrbs;x°▄nk˝˙gry│eBlbMeBj ebskkmÁ .

     etIRbCaBlrdŠm˝ak; GacRtUv)ankat;eTasBIsMNak;RbeTs EdlminEmnCaPaKI BmeRBog k˝˙gkarbegßIt tulakarEdrbĄeT ?

    )an/ RtUv)anp■l;eGayRbeTsEdlbT]RkidŠenaHmanekIteLIg KWrdŠPaKINamYyÚnkicę RBmeRBog bĄRkum RbwkSasn■isuxGg┴karshRbCaCati)anbBaó┌nbN■wgenaHeTAkan;tulakar. EteTaH y:agNakżedayenAeRkam eKalkarN_CYy]bt▀mÍ tulakarEdlmantYnaTIvinicńŻyeTasKW tulakarCati rbs;CnCab;ecaTmin)aneFVIkar vinicńŻyeTas.

    ehtuGIVPaKIrdŠTaMgLay )anRtUveKGnuBaěatieGaydkx°▄necjBIsnžisBaěa eRkayry│eBl 7q˝aM ?

      eKalbMNgGnuBaětip■l;eBlevladl;rdŠmYyk˝˙gkarp°as;b■┌rc,ab; bĄneya)ayCatirbs;x°▄n eday Gnuelam eTAtambTbBaěatiÚnlkšn■ik│enH.

* edIm,IBt’manBis■arsUmemIlenAk˝˙g╔ksarbn■ ICC Website United Nations Home Page.